The term HIV means Human immunodeficiency virus infection and AIDS refers acquired immune deficiency syndrome is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus or HIV. When anyone is attacked with this then influenza-like illness may be seen. It may lies in the body without showing any symptoms. But in the long run mostly it meets with the death. The final symptoms are called as AIDS.
Since 2001, HIV has dropped by 33% in the world and more than 9.7 million affected people gained access to treatment and at this stage The Joint United Programme on HIV/AIDS launched the Getting to Zero strategy (2011-2015) that contains zero new infection, zero death from HIV and zero discrimination.
Now the questions arise that, Do such declaration help or hurt? DO they really motivate or leading to inaction? Do these ambitions epitomize hype or hope?
The history of public health is beset with motivational campaigns. In 1971 The United States launched a campaign “War on Cancer”, to provide funding for cancer research. Although great achievements has been gained but this war till not end. On the contrary, despite of skepticism World Health Organization(WHO) began a campaign in 1958 to eradicate smallpox from the world. And twenty years later smallpox was successfully removed by this effort.
If we think about HIV then there are some reasons to be happy. Many countries across the world have called to stop mother to child transmission of this virus, taking steps to provide initial treatment to the affected people and to the pregnant HIV-infected women. It is not easy to supply proper budget according to the necessity. This risk is particularly remarkable, because HIV costs are at present well short of the annual global target of U.S. $22 billion to $24 billion.
More importantly, earlier efforts related to HIV that are predicted have not meet with the target. At present Only 33.6% of women and 17.2% of men in low and middle income countries, and 34% of those eligible for treatment. Moreover, although overall incidence has declined, new rates of infected people among who inject drugs, men who have sex with men, and young women in southern Africa are alarming.
Finally, despite these news, we believe that with concerted efforts and sustained announcements, we can hope that of a world in which AIDS is no longer an epidemic threat. The campaign against smallpox learns us important lessons that on how it is possible to continue efforts despite many naysayers. Envisioning a world without epidemic AIDS is a dream to all. Let we altogether make this effort success.