1. Bill Gates
William Henry Bill Gates III was born on October 28, 1955. He is an American Business magnate, philanthropist, investor, and computer programmer. In 1975, Gates and Paul Allen co-founded Microsoft, which became the world’s largest PC software company. During his career at Microsoft, Gates held the positions of chairman, CEO, and chief software architect, and was the largest individual shareholder until May 2014.
Gates has authored and co-authored several books. Starting in 1987, Gates was included in the Forbes list of the world’s wealthiest people and was the wealthiest from 1995 to 2007, again in 2009, and has been since 2014. Between 2009 and 2014, his wealth doubled from US$40 billion to more than US$82 billion. Between 2013 and 2014, his wealth increased by US$15 billion. Gates is currently the richest man in the world.
2. Carlos Slim
Carlos Slim Helu was born on January 28, 1940. He is a Mexican Business magnate, investor, and philanthropist. From 2010 to 2013, Slim was ranked as the richest person in the world. Known as the “Warren Buffett of Mexico”, he derived his fortune from his extensive holdings in a considerable number of Mexican companies through his conglomerate, Group Carso.
As of 3 November 2015 he was #2 on Forbes list of billionaires, with net worth estimated at US$77.1 billion. Slim is the chairman and chief executive of telecommunications companies Telmax and America Movil, Latin America’s largest mobile-phone carrier, which accounted for around $49 billion of Slim’s wealth by the end of 2010.
3. Warren Buffett
Warren Edward Buffett was born on August 30, 1930. He is an American Business magnate, investor and philanthropist. He is the most successful investor in the world. Buffett is the chairman, CEO and largest shareholder of Berkshire Hathaway, and is consistently ranked among the world’s wealthiest people.
He was ranked as the world’s wealthiest person in 2008 and as the third wealthiest in 2015. In 2012 Time named Buffett one of the world’s most influential people. Buffett is often referred to as the “Wizard of Omaha”, or “Oracle of Omaha” or the “Sage of Omaha”, and is noted for his adherence to value investing and for his personal frugality despite his immense wealth. Buffett is a notable philanthropist, having pledged to give away 99 percent of his fortune to philanthropic causes, primarily via the Gates foundation.
4. Amancio Ortega Gaona
Amancio Ortega Gaona was born on 28 March 1936. He is a Spanish fashion businessman and founding chairman of the Inditex fashion group, best known for its chain of Zara clothing and accessories.
In October 2015, he was ranked as the richest person in the world for four hours by Forbes, just ahead of American billionaire Bill Gates, with a net worth of USD $78.6 billion. He resides with his second wife in an apartment building in Galicia, Spain.
5. Larry Ellison
Lawrence Joseph “Larry” Ellison was born on August 17, 1944 is an American internet entrepreneur, businessman and philanthropist. He serves as executive chairman and chief technology officer of Oracle Corporation, having previously been chief executive from its founding until September 2014. In 2014, he was listed by Forbes as the third-wealthiest man in America and as the fifth-wealthiest person in the world, with a fortune of $56.2 billion.
Ellison was born in New York City but grew up in Chicago. He studied at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign and the University of Chicago without graduating before moving to California in 1966. While working at Ampex in the early 1970s, he became influenced by Edgar F. Codd’s research on relational database design, which led in 1977 to the formation of what became Oracle. Oracle became a successful database vendor to mid- and low-range systems, competing with Sybase and Microsoft SQL Server, which led to Ellison being listed by Forbes as one of the richest men in the world. Ellison has donated up to 1% of his wealth to charity and has signed The Giving Pledge. In addition to his work at Oracle, Ellison has had success in yachting, through Oracle Team USA, and is a licensed aircraft pilot who owns two military jets.
6. Charles Koch
Charles G. Koch was born on November 1, 1935 is an American businessman and philanthropist. He is co-owner, chairman of the board, and chief executive officer of Koch Industries, while his brother David H. Koch serves as Executive Vice President. Charles and David each own 42% of the conglomerate. The brothers inherited the business from their father, Fred C. Koch, and then expanded the business. Originally involved exclusively in oil refining and chemicals, Koch Industries now includes process and pollution control equipment and technologies; polymers and fibers; minerals; fertilizers; commodity trading and services; forest and consumer products; and ranching. The businesses produce a wide variety of well-known brands, such as Stainmaster carpet, the Lycra brand of spandex fiber, Quilted Northern tissue and Dixie Cup.
In 2007, Koch’s book “The Science of Success” was published. The book describes his management philosophy, referred to as “Market-Based Management”.
Koch Industries is the second-largest privately held company by revenue in the United States according to a 2010 Forbes survey. In February 2014, Koch was ranked 9th richest person in the world by Hurun Report with an estimated net worth of $36 billion. Previously, in October 2012 he was ranked the 6th richest person in the world with an estimated net worth of $34 billion according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index and was ranked 18th on Forbes World’s Billionaires list of 2011 (and 4th on the Forbes 400), with an estimated net worth of $25 billion, deriving from his 42% stake in Koch Industries.
7. David Koch
David Hamilton Koch was born on May 3, 1940) is an American businessman, philanthropist, political activist, and chemical engineer. He joined the family business Koch Industries, a conglomerate that is the second-largest privately held company in the United States, in 1970. He became president of the subsidiary Koch Engineering in 1979, and became a co-owner of Koch Industries, with older brother Charles, in 1983.
He is now an executive vice president. Koch is an influential libertarian. He was the 1980 candidate for Vice President of the United States from the United States Libertarian Party and helped finance the campaign. He founded Citizens for a Sound Economy.He and his brother Charles have donated to political advocacy groups and to political campaigns, almost entirely Republican. Conde Nast Portfolio described him as “one of the most generous but low-key philanthropists in America”. Koch has contributed to several charities including Lincoln Center, Sloan Kettering, a fertility clinic at New York-Presbyterian Hospital and the American Museum of Natural History’s David H. Koch Dinosaur Wing.The New York State Theater at Lincoln Center, home of the New York City Ballet was renamed the David H. Koch Theater in 2008 following a gift of 100 million dollars for the renovation of the theater. Koch is the fourth richest person in America as of 2012, and the wealthiest resident of New York City as of 2013. He is the ninth-wealthiest person in the world, as of 2014.
He is a survivor of the USAir Flight 1493 crash in 1991.
8. Christy Walton
Christy Ruth Walton was born on February 8, 1949. She is the widow of John T. Walton, one of the sons of Sam Walton, the founder of Walmart. In June 2005, she inherited her husband’s fortune of US$18.2 billion following his death in a plane crash. As of 2015 Walton is the richest woman in the world. According to Forbes, she is the 6th richest person in the United States, and the 8th richest person in the world, as of March
2015. Foebes reported that she was the richest woman in the world for eight years running, and still held the title in March 2015. As of March 2014, she and her family (not including her two brothers-in-law and a sister-in-law) had an estimated net worth of $36.7 billion, the bulk of which comes from her shares in Walmart, but also from First Solar, in which her husband invested.
Christy Walton, who inherited a stake in retailer Wal-Mart, retains the title of world’s richest woman. Forbes pegs her net worth at $41.7 billion, up from $36.7 billion in 2014.In November 2015 Bloomberg learned that Christy inherited far less Wal-Mart stock than originally believed and that most of it went to trusts and her son. Bloomberg estimates that her current wealth is approximately $5 billion and she is unlikely to regain her status as the richest woman in the U.S.
9. Jim Walton
James Carr Walton was born on June 7, 1948. He is the youngest son of Sam Walton, the founder of world’s largest retailer Walmart. On the 2015 Forbes list of world billionaires, Jim Walton is ranked at #9 with a net worth of $40.6 billion.
On September 28, 2005, Walton replaced his deceased brother, John, on the Wal-Mart Board of Directors. He is currently on the Strategic Planning and Finance committees. He is also CEO of his family owned Arvest Bank and chairman of newspaper firm Community Publishers Inc. (CPI) owned by Jim Walton himself but founded by his father Sam Walton after acquiring the local newspaper the Benton County Daily Record, both operating in Arkansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma. He has pledged about $2 billion to the Walton Family Foundation along with his siblings from 2008 to 2013.
On October 15, 2015, The Baton Rouge Advocate in the capital city of Baton Rouge, Louisiana, reported that PAC-Empower Louisiana had allocated about $818,000 to candidates running for the Louisiana Board of Elementary and Secondary Education who support the Common Core State Standards Initiative. The political action committee members include Alice and Jim Walton, Eli Broad of Los Angeles, California, and the trade association, the Louisiana Association of Business and Industry. Four candidates in eight districts, including Sandy Holloway, James Garvey in District 1 (suburban New Orleans), and Holly Boffy were declared “acceptable” to the PAC. Holloway collected $87,696; Garvey, the board vice president, $230,459; Boffy, another incumbent from Lafayette, $107,145. The Common Core candidates staged major victories in the primary election held on October 24, 2015.
10. Liliane Bettencourt
Liliane Henriette Charlotte Schueller, married name Bettencourt was born 21 October 1922, is a French heiress, socialite and businesswoman. She is one of the principal shareholders of L’Oréal and according to Forbes, she is the richest woman in the world, making her the 10th richest person in the world with a net worth of US$36.4 billion on “The World’s Billionaires” list in 2015.
Bettencourt was born in Paris, France as the only child of Louise Madeleine Berthe and Eugène Schueller, the founder of L’Oréal, one of the world’s largest cosmetics and beauty companies. Her mother died when Liliane was 5 years old, and she formed a close bond with her father, who later married Liliane’s British governess. At the age of 15 she joined her father’s company as an apprentice, mixing cosmetics and labelling bottles of shampoo.
In 1950 she married French politician André Bettencourt, who served as a cabinet minister in French governments of the 1960s and 1970s and rose to become deputy chairman of L’Oréal. Bettencourt had been a member of La Cagoule, a violent French fascist group that Liliane’s father had funded and supported in the 1930s and that collaborated with the Nazis during World War II. After the war, her husband, like other members of La Cagoule, was given refuge at L’Oréal despite his politically inconvenient past. Eventually the Bettencourts settled in an Art Moderne mansion built in 1951 on rue de Delabordère in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France. They had one daughter, Françoise, who was born on 10 July 1953.
In 1957 Bettencourt inherited the L’Oréal fortune when her father died, becoming the principal shareholder of L’Oréal. In 1963 the company went public, although Bettencourt continued to own a majority stake. In 1974, in fear that the company would get nationalised after the French elections, she exchanged almost half of her stake for a three percent (3%) stake in Nestlé S.A.