The education system in Japan played a superior role in developing the country to meet the internal and external challenges presented by the need to quickly absorb Western ideas, science, and technology. The education system in Japan is sub-divided into pre-school, elementary school, junior-high school, high school and university.
Kindergarten or Pre-primary School
Kindergarten or Pre-primary Schools are non-mandatory schools which is intended to help infant develop their minds and bodies by providing them with an appropriate education environment. They cater for preschool children aged 3 or 4. According to the education system in Japan, more over 90% of all children take study one or two types of pre- school education, yochi-en or hoiku-en. Hoiku-en. Children play studying hiragana, some Japanese syllabic scripts in yochi-en.
According to the education system in japan, 99 percent of elementary schools are public coeducational institutions. For the 6 years of elementary education is compulsory. A single teacher is assigned to each class and responsible for instruction in most subjects, with the exceptions generally being subjects such as music and art. The curriculum includes the following subjects: Japanese language, social studies, arithmetic, science, life environmental studies, music, arts and crafts, physical education, and homemaking. Students are expected to learn at least 1006 Chinese characters by the end of the sixth grade. Junior high school
Junior-high school lasts for three years. This three years of junior high school education is compulsory. More over 90 percent of junior high schools are public coeducational institutions. Based on the education system in japan, the standard curriculum includes the following required subjects: some in High school Japanese language, social studies, mathematics, science, a foreign language elective, music, fine arts, health and physical education. Junior-high school finishes at the end of the ninth grade, and at this point official compulsory schooling is completed.
More over 97% of total children take the three-year high school after ending the junior high school. High school attendance is optional. In 2010, 98% of all junior high school graduates entered high school, and about 74% of all high schools were public. After Completion of high school for every student need to a formal education for university entrance, but there is no high-school completion examination. The high
School core curriculum includes the following required subjects: Japanese language, geography and history, civics, mathematics, science, health and physical education, art, foreign language, home economics, and information.
The higher education yard is the university in the education system in japan. The percentage of Japanese high school graduates going to either a two year junior college or four-year University passed 41% in 1993 and stood at 53.6% in 2012. In 2012, 13.8% of four-year university graduates went on to graduate school. On the other hand, the national universities—which had been internal organs of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology—were transformed into independent administrative institutions with the objective of creating a more competitive and independent environment.
There are normally 2 types of university: which offering 4-year course, which concludes with a Bachelor’s degree and then lead to a Master’s or a Doctorate degree of study; and those offering a short term of course.
Juku is an innovative part of the education system in Japan which is made differenced from one nation education and other. The education system in Japan which often called as ‘cram schools’, which are completely unknown in external world. Some of the private org. are supposed to complement the everyday study like general schools and prepare for competitive examinations to the upcoming level of education. More over 30% of Japanese children as young as after pre-primary school age are sent to these innovative institutions for more competitive in external world environment. Their lessons are held late in the afternoon or evening, free time leaving children and young.