In the early age of Indian education system based on the ‘Guru’ that means Gurukula system of education. The person who want to study that needed to go the Guru`s house and requested to the teacher about study, if Guru interested to study that student than that student needed to stay on the Guru`s house and taught from Guru`s activity, statement etc. The student stayed until he/she wished or the guru felt that he had taught everything he has the ability to teach.
But now a days the education system in India changed a lot. Now systemic education and its effectiveness helps to shows an educated nation in front of world. Universal and compulsory education for all children in the age group of 6-14 was a cherished dream of the government of India. The education system of India has some common level like, primary, secondary, tertiary (University/collage), tertiary (Technical institutes).
Primary education is compulsory for all the children whose age between 6 to 14 and Middle lower level of primary (Grade I to V) and upper level of primary (Grade VI to VIII)) and make it free in India. According to the education system in India the Primary education starts at the age of 6 with Middle and Upper Primary education which is ending age at 14. With Govt. School, non govt. or private school also provide proper primary education. Under private institution Pre-primary school education system in India is not compulsory and is divided into two stages – Lower KG (children age between 3 – 4 years) and Upper KG (children age between 4 – 5 years).
The statistics of the education system of India
In the education system of India, after passing the primary education a student reach to the secondary stages. Secondary education starts in grade 9 and end at grade 12. The secondary level of education has divided into two stage, the General or the lower secondary stage ‘grade X’ and the upper secondary stage ‘Standard XII’. In government schools education is free although private education is more standard at the secondary stage of education. At the end of both education year by Public examinations and grant access to grade 11 which is reach to the university level study respectively. Normally the curriculum for middle secondary school consists of 3 different languages (native language, an elective, and an international language), Vocational Education, Science and Technology, Work/Pre- Art, Mathematics, Physical Education and Social Sciences.
Beside general education Vocational education plays an important role in the education system in India. The group of people who does not like to tertiary education, or who are missing secondary level of education often enroll at privately-owned vocational schools. Vocational and technical education is specialized and is keeping a broad overview of knowledge applicable to the young generation.
Polytechnics typically offer one to three year sub-degree diploma courses in all subjects except medicine. Polytechnics are widely spread over all the states and Union Territories and are affiliated to the respective State Boards of Technical Education. The latter set the levels and standards of the courses and organize the system of evaluation by examination. Currently there are over 1,200 polytechnics in India. Polytechnic diplomas are awarded by the State Boards.
The higher education system in India is greatly administered and has large changes since got independent in 1947 from British. The British system of education, educational policy is ever-developing. There are a lot of tertiary institutions in India under the education system in India, namely Universities (Central, State, and Open). Instruction of the almost students, about 80%, who are already pass at colleges level, examinations, and final degree being decorated and permitted by the central university. Different Constituent and Autonomous organization also exist.
Higher education institutions are funded by the Central Government through the University Grants Commission (UGC), one of the statutory bodies, or by the State Governments. The UGC allocates and disburses maintenance and development grants to all Central universities and to all colleges affiliated to Delhi and Banaras Hindu University as well as to some nominated universities.